Influencers have become important brand advocates, whose videos, posts, and images initiate consumer word of mouth about a product, service, or brand. They are particularly important for attracting millennials and Generation Z consumers. An implicit assumption among marketing managers is that picking the influencer with the largest audience is best for the brand.
But that assumption about audience size no longer is an absolute. As more individuals build an influencer presence, marketing managers gain opportunities for nuanced personality-to-brand matches that can better increase awareness and sales. This has given rise to micro-influencers – people who have developed a small yet highly engaged social media community around a particular subject.
One criterion of a quality among influencers has been the ability to attract a sizeable audience. But savvier analytics over time have revealed that brands should seek influencers whose audiences are consistent, and whose content speaks to followers with a sense of voice, empowerment, and shared values. Those qualities engender an authentic engaged audience, rather than one mixed with a large volume of bots and fake profiles. An engaged audience engenders meaningful sales activity.
Experts are weighing on how to best select influencers. Youth brand experts Gregg Witt and Derek Baird note in their book, The Gen Z Frequency How Brands Tune In and Build Credibility, that two kinds of influencers exist. There are influencers who establish a cohesive sphere of influence by attracting an audience. Others create exceptional content. Influencers that master both audience development and content creation are rare and highly prized.
Experts also debate about how to measure the ROI brands get from influencer campaigns, but social platform have found promising results by examining correlations between influencer activity and sales. Twitter has touted since 2016 that “Nearly 40% of Twitter users say they’ve made a purchase as a direct result of a Tweet from an influencer.”
Micro-influencers sometimes speak on overlapping subjects. Some smart influencers address that overlap by banding together and co-ordinating. A great example is SoulPhoodie, a Facebook and Twitter account that shares content on African American cuisine, dining, and cultural history. SoulPhoodie was started by Toni Tipton Martin, Adrian Miller, Dr. Fred Opie, Nicole Taylor, and Michael Twitty, professional chefs or foodies that wanted to share their culinary experiences, as well as a love for researched food history as it relates to African American culture.
Micro-influencers can also be a way to connect to consumers with a strong cultural identity. In my article LeJuan James, Asiyami Gold, and Olalla “Caeli” Lopez who speak to digital community sub-segments (albeit in Lopez’s case a very large one).I mentioned how social media usage among the African American and Hispanic population has risen substantially. This trend means brands can partner with micro-influencers like
But as influencers proliferate on social media platforms, the FTC has repeatedly sought to ensure transparency about paid posts. Back in 2015, the Fyre Festival, marketers are working to ensure that influencers associated with their brands are reputable and compliant.reported that awareness of FTC sponsored content guidelines among marketing managers was low. But in the wake of fake content concerns and mishaps like
Moreover, brands can struggle with how consumers respond to hints of inauthenticity. Posed or staged images can prompt negative reactions. A UK Instagram influencer, Scarlett Dixon, receiving viral criticism over a sponsored Listerine Instagram post because of the staged nature of the post image. Many of the tweets asked what the image had anything to do with mouthwash.
Despite the potential for pitfalls, marketing managers can take several steps to select the right micro-influencers.
- Marketers must first clarify the brand message and the types of images consistently conjured when that message is delivered. This clarification helps to frame decisions on which influencers can best complement the brand image and its message
- Marketers should also consider their social media policy – how should a brand respond to influencer-prompted social comments that may reflect negatively on the brand? Volatile responses on social media are more common than ever – for more on this subject, check out my articles on protecting brand integrity and on
- When it comes to how the products and services are mentioned, marketers must find ways to trust micro-influencers’ modes of online expression. Influencers at all levels have access to devices with better capabilities than that a few years ago. Combined with having established a consistent specific audience, micro-influencers can be savvy engagement in ways that brands have not imagined. David Pring-Mill notes a few examples in his article on IGTV (Instagram TV)
- To understand how well an influencer alliance is working, marketers should use metrics like the share of brand voice on a social platform, and changes which are seen when social ad campaigns are used concurrently with influencer initiatives. In general, influencers can enhance the frequency of a brand or product mention on a given platform. As for social ad spending, marketing experts expect budgets to grow to complement influencer campaigns.
Micro-influencers wield a great deal of power when it comes to boosting brand awareness and driving consumer action. It’s up to brands to approach micro-influencers who demonstrate domain knowledge and cultural awareness in order to provoke the most genuine engagement with their products and services.